28 september 2020

Central Asia news

Lists of Andizhan victims have never been published officially

13.01.2006 10:56 msk

Staff correspondent

Ferghana Valley

Lists of the victims of the notorious events in Andizhan are being compiled and published. Moscow-based Human Rights Center Memorial published the list of 183 names. Far from being complete, of course, it nevertheless provides a foundation for continuation. The list in question was compiled on the basis of the sentences drawn by the first fifteen defendants charged with participation in the events in Andizhan who stood trial and were convicted by the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan last autumn.

It should be noted that the Memorial's list includes most names of the victims Ferghana.Ru news agency wrote about right in the wake of the tragedy in its material titled "Executed Andizhan" - the true names of the victims and the names changed by editors. Most of them are on the list, at least the names of the victims whose families agreed to talk to Ferghana.Ru correspondents and give names of their murdered kin. Save for one man - Kamoliddin Khakimov, whose name is not on the list. "Executed Andizhan" referred to him as Khokim (see Story 22).

Военные грузовики на улицах Андижана

It should be noted as well that the Uzbek Prosecutor General's Office announced that 187 people including one woman had been killed in Andizhan. Here is an excerpt from the report of the Prosecutor General's Office on investigation of the events in Andizhan made to a special panel of the Oly Majlis (parliament) in early September, "One hundred and eighty-seven people were killed in terrorist acts. Sixty of them were civilians including two juveniles and a woman."

Memorial's list includes three names of women (death certificates are referred to by their numbers as well) - more than what the Prosecutor General's Office has insisted on. They are Khidoyat Zokhidova (Death Certificate No 324), Yorkinoi Kodirova (No 236), and Odinakhon Teshaboyeva (No 325).

Human Rights Watch reported the deaths of two women out of these three in its "Lead Rain" paper in early June. Here is an excerpt from it:

Кладбище Боги-Шамол в Андижане

"The low mountain finally behind them, the refugees found themselves under automatic rifle fire (soldiers or border guards were firing). Two locals showing them the path were killed. The refugees returned to Teshiktosh where a nurse, herself a refugee, tried to help the wounded. All in all, eight people were killed including the mother of two children Odinakhan Teshebayeva (36), Khidayat Zakhidova (43), Makhbuba Egamberdiyeva (22), and a young man aged 19 or so..."

In other words, Human Rights Watch reported the death of yet another woman not yet acknowledged by any official structures.

The list compiled by the Memorial is somewhat below the tally made by the Prosecutor General's Office. In the meantime, death certificate numbers range from 205 (the lowest) and 490 (the highest). The difference - 285 - is almost 100 digits more than the death toll the Uzbek Prosecutor General's Office insists on. Unless, of course, coroners missed some numbered death certificates and thus inadvertently upped the final figure. In other words, even the semi-officially released death certificate numbers imply that not less than 285 people were killed in Andizhan.

Тела убитых на улицах Андижана

The authorities keep saying that 187 people died in Andizhan and Memorial came up with the list of 183 names. Two other victims are listed as unidentified and two others are never mentioned at all. It follows therefore that save for these four people all other victims were identified. (Remember that Memorial compiled the list on the basis of what had been announced by the Prosecutor General's Office.)

There is, however, a question. Does the list include the names of the people interred as unidentified in Bogi-Shamal, a cemetery in Andizhan outskirts? At least 45 unidentified bodies were interred there in late May, with numbers in lieu instead of names. Have they been identified and put on the list or remained unidentified and as such never remembered by official statistics? The Uzbek authorities decline comment.