Tajik Top 100: The wealthy and the powerful
Source - Avesta.Tj
Avesta.Tj compiled an unofficial ranking of the wealthiest Tajik nationals. Authors of the document emphasize its unofficial nature. The ranking is based on media reports and whatever is known about candidates' lives - mansions, posh autos, regular appearance at restaurants, rumors concerning fortune or ability to make it, high fees, and so on.
"There may be someone who does not belong in the Top 100 and someone who belongs but was not included. It does not really matter because the whole list is based on assumptions. No tax services are going to come knocking at someone's door because of the ranking. We deliberately omit two categories of the presumably wealthy - immigrants or Tajik businessmen operating in Russia on the one hand and drug barons on the other (after all, we cannot say in all earnest that we possess data on them). Neither do we doubt that there are people among them who should be on the list. In any event, the Top 100 is divided into occupational categories whose borders are more or less liberal. All candidates here are listed in the alphabetic order and not by the size of their fortunes (since exact data on the latter are lacking). Every category is preceded by a brief argument," authors of the ranking explained.
Statesmen and politicians
This category includes the people who are in the position to make a fortune (or engineer it for their families) through the use of the administrative resource, lucrative contracts going to affiliated structures, lobbyism, and so on.
This category also includes the people whose high positions in civil service or national economy grant them clout with the economic policy in general or individual sectors of economy and segments of the market.
That people in this category are exceptionally powerful and wealthy is practically beyond doubt.
Gaibullo Avzalov (Khatlon governor)
Abdujabbor Azizov (personnel advisor to the president)
Akil Akilov (prime minister)
Murodali Alimardonov (deputy premier)
Barakatullo Akhmedov (mayor of Tursunzade)
Amirkhocha Gulomov (senior deputy premier)
Abdulmajid Dostiyev (ambassador to Russia)
Matlubkhon Davlatov (economic advisor to the president)
Ubaidullo Davlatov (parliamentarian)
Kosim Kodiri (Badakhshan governor))
Kakhkhor Makhkamov (ex-president)
Amirsho Amiraliyev (director of the presidential administration)
Talbak Nazarov (ex-foreign minister)
Safarali Rajabov (parliamentarian)
Kokhir Rasulzoda (Sogdi governor)
Emomali Rakhmon (president)
Abdujalil Salimov (parliamentarian)
Safar Safarov (parliamentarian)
Hoji Akbar Turajonzoda (Majlisi Milli member)
Makhmadsaid Ubaidulloyev (Majlisi Milli member and mayor of Dushanbe)
Saidullo Khairulloyev (parliamentarian)
Former field commanders
Lots of people in this category are out of favor these days, some were tried, convicted, and imprisoned at some point. Others abandoned their past ways and became businessmen.
Part of their clout lost for good, these people retain contacts reaching far and wide. Some sources imply that these people actually own and run major business structures and companies.
It is rumored as well that some of them own real estate and businesses abroad, mostly in the United Arab Emirates.
Some people in this category are officially regarded as unemployed or dekhkans (peasants). It figures.
Mirzo Ziyeyev (ex-emergency minister)
Makhmadruzi Iskandarov (ex-head of Tochikgaz)
Khucha Karimov (ex-parliamentarian)
Sukhrob Kasymov (ex-commander of Interior Ministry's special forces)
Gaffor Mirzoyev (ex-commander of the Presidential Guard)
Salamsho Mukhabbatov (ex-head of Naftrason)
Yakub Salimov (ex-interior minister)
Saidsho Shamolov (ex-commander of a Border Troops brigade)
Ministers and officials
On the one hand, official salaries of ministers of the Cabinet and officials do not amount to too much so that these people shouldn't really be listed here. On the other, nobody can say that they wield no clout.
Bearing in mind what local research centers and international financial institutions report in connection with corruption in Tajikistan, however, it stands to reason to assume that some state officials manage just fine. President Rakhmon regularly points it out at Cabinet meetings.
Needless to say, these people know better than stand out. It is their families who make money either in private business ventures or through occupying positions of power in major state companies or divisions of international organizations.
There are many ways of making a quick buck. There are commissions from businesses that know what palm should be greased, there are corrupt subordinates smart enough to let the boss wet his beak, there are interdepartmental relations as well within whose framework initiatives may be promoted or, on the contrary, killed...
We sincerely hope in the meantime that these crooks in high places constitute but a minority and that most people in these category are just powerful state officials with a moderate income.
Light on the matter may be shed a week or so from now when the crooks start phoning Avesta threatening litigation.
Khiriddin Abdurakhimov (state security minister)
Abdurakhim Ashur (transport and communications minister)
Gulom Boboyev (minister of economic development and commerce)
Bobojon Bobokhonov (prosecutor general)
Sherali Gulov (energy and industry minister)
Khamrokhon Zarifi (foreign minister)
Gurez Zaripov (Customs Committee chairman)
Saidamir Zukhurov (ex-deputy premier)
Sherali Kabirov (Talko assistant general director)
Saidanvar Kamolov (OSO chairman, ex-minister of state security)
Kosim Kosimov (minister of agriculture)
Kurbonali Mukhabbatov (Dushanbe prosecutor)
Faridun Mukhiddinov (ex-deputy premier)
Fatkhiddin Mukhsiddinov (the head of Tochikgaz)
Safarali Najmiddinov (finance minister)
Sharif Rakhimzoda (National Bank chairman)
Abdujabbor Rakhmonov (education minister)
Asadulo Rakhmonov (State TV and Radio Committee chairman)
Murod Saidov (chief of presidential secret service)
Sherkhon Salimov (Anti-Corruption Agency chairman)
Makhmadnazar Salikhov (interior minister)
Sharikhon Samiyev (the head of Barki Tochik)
Sherali Safarov (senior deputy finance minister)
Khokim Soliyev (Tax Committee chairman)
Khokimsho Tilloyev (Tajik Air general director)
Sherali Khairulloyev (defense minister)
Amonullo Khukumov (the head of Tajik Railroads)
Unlike the previous category, this one is simple. Businesses develop fast, making a million or two in US dollars is not that difficult. There are problems of course like tax-evasion, necessity of protection (preferably political) and investments, but they are solvable.
In the meantime, many people in this category are wealthy enough to offer protection to others.
As a matter of fact, this category could include 500 businessmen and more because there are truly lots of powerful and wealthy businessmen in Uzbekistan. Not all of them, however, are public figures. Very many are careful to remain out of the spotlight.
This category also includes some former state officials who are not exactly compelled to make ends meet even though they are no longer in official positions of power. Either their families are wealthy nowadays (owing their fortunes, undoubtedly, to these people in the first place), or they themselves have stashed away enough against the rainy day.
Jamshed Abdulov (Olimi Karimzod general director)
Yahje Azimov (former prime minister)
Khasan Asadullozoda (the head of Orienbonk)
Abduakhad Ashurov (Doro general director)
Alamkhon Boyakov (ex-minister of health care)
Gulom Boyakov (ex-head of the Farkhor district administration)
Nekroi Zabirov (Union of Businessmen and Exporters chairman)
Jamshed Ziyeyev (of Tajprombank)
Jamshed Kavmiddinov (of Sokhibkorbank)
Gulmakhmad Kayumov (MLT general director)
Mirzo Mastangulov (Somon Air general director)
Makhmadamin Makhmadaminov (of Amonatbank)
Khol Mashrabov (ex-head of the Rudaki district administration)
Muriddin Mukhiddinov (ex-minister of communications)
Abdurakhmon Mukhtashov (the head of Somonien Corporation)
Rustam Nabiyev (the head of Z-Gaz)
Bakhriddin Najmuddinov (Indigo-Tajikistan general director)
Avaz Nazarov (Ansol Ltd general director)
Murali Niyazov (the head of TADES)
Khurshed Nosirov (of Bank Eskhata)
Andrei Nosovets (Tochikshifer general director)
Jurabek Nurmakhmadov (ex-minister of energy)
Maruf Orifov (the head of M&P)
Tochiddin Pirov (the had of Tochiksodirotbonk)
Sadriddin Rajabov (Agroinvestbonk director)
Ubaidullo Rajabov (ex-chairman of State TV and Radio Committee)
Niezmurod Saidmurodov (the head of Agroinvestbonk)
Zaid Saidov (ex-minister of industry)
Rakhmatullo Saiduloyev (Orienbonk shareholder)
Makhmadzoir Sokhibov (stock exchange chairman)
Kuvvat Sultonov (Tax Committee ex-chairman)
Kurbon Sultonov (the head of KO Kafolat)
Samariddin Fazliddinov (the head of Samar)
Bekhzod Faizullayev (Vavilon general director)
Ismatullo Khayeyev (KHIMA Corporation general director)
Amin Khkimov (Volna general director)
Shavkat Khalilov (Telecom Technology general director)
Nasim Shokirov (the head of Bonki Rushdi Tochikiston)
Abdujabor Shukurov (Republican Wholesale Depot director)
Abdukodir Ermatov (ex-head of the Tajik Aluminium Factory)
Pop stars are among the wealthiest people throughout the world but not in Tajikistan. Partially because the state has failed so far to set up conditions for show-biz, partially because of Tajik mentality.
Copyright legislation in Tajikistan is practically non-existent, and its lack is another obstacle preventing commercialization of and boom in show-biz.
Some Tajik pop stars have made it all the same.
As a rule, they owe it to friendship or business relations with people from the three previous categories. These few representatives of the national show-biz are paid $10,000-20,000 for an hour-long performance.
Sirojiddin Fozilov (singer)
Shabnami Surae (singer)
Daler Nazarov (singer)
This ranking is not exactly complete of objective because Avesta does not reveal selection criteria. On the other hand, it is difficult to gauge the wealth of a state official, businessman, or show-biz celebrity because EVERYONE is secretive about his income.
Hence the conclusion: merciless tax pressure compels people to conceal income and this state of affairs breeds the so called shadow economy.
The corruption level must be high because there are no statesmen or politicians in Tajikistan nowadays living in the asceticism that was presumably typical of Jabbor Rasulov, one of the leaders of the Soviet Tajikistan.
Last but not the least, analysis of the list shows that private businesses in Tajikistan are down-trodden and that no breakthroughs in hi-tech or know-how spheres should be expected in the foreseeable future.
All business structures represent the raw-materials sector, commerce, or ventures handling the objects built in the Soviet era. Businessmen who truly made themselves, taxing their own capacities in the process, are few.